First, we have to know what the cause of diarrhea is, or in other words said what the etiology of the gastrointestinal disorder is.
Most frequently such symptoms arise from infectious agents that come into the body from the external environment. The infection most often occurs through spoiled food, water with unknown origin, poorly washed fruits and vegetables and of course a contact with already infected people.
The thorough hand washing, especially before meal, is a trivial but quite important recommendation which is often ignored by the patients. The water in the large reservoirs, especially when it is standing, is also a frequent way from which the infection can occur. It is recommended to minimize the possible ingestion of such contaminated water at the height of the hot season.
Talking about the diet for these conditions, it is important to give a chance to the digestive system to recover from the occurred disorder.
Therefore, generally speaking, it is recommended to give rest to digestion and of course to consume plenty of liquids. The greatest danger in these cases is the risk of dehydration and as a measure against it, the correct response is to consume different types of liquids frequently and in small doses – water, light fruit juices like apple juice, rice water.
Foods that are absorbed in the upper parts of the gastrointestinal tract may be consumed: easily absorbed carbohydrates – biscuits, pretzels, baked potatoes, and from the dairy products soaked or desalinated cheese is permissible. Almost no other dairy products are allowed.
Milk should be included only after the acute phase of diarrhea has passed. And it’s good to be yoghurt, respectively. The diet for diarrhea should exclude cellulose-containing foods. Depending on the cause, as well as some individual characteristics of the organism, diarrhea disappears within few days up to one week. It is also important to introduce gradually the food groups, i.e. to eat various foods, once we are sure that we are cured.
Although a common condition, diarrhea may have serious consequences. Therefore, it is necessary to consult a specialist in time – the general practitioner, gastroenterologist or infectologist. Particularly important is the medical surveillance of the risk groups – breastfeeding, small children, pregnant women and people with chronic gastrointestinal problems.
The information in this material is provided only for educational purposes and is not intended to replace discussion and consultation with a doctor. Any decisions concerning the diagnosis, prevention or treatment of a given disease should be done by a physician, according to the condition of the particular patient.